What Are Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) And Where Do I Use Them?
- PGM’s refer to the ‘platinum group metals’
- There are six (6) PGM’s: palladium/platinum/rhodium/iridium/osmium/ruthenium
- Catalysts: petroleum refining, petrochemical processing, air pollution control (mobile for gasoline & diesel vehicles & stationary abatement)
- Electronics: computer hard drives, fuel cells, thermocouples, multilayer ceramic capacitors, plasma display screens, touch-pads on all hand-held devices (I-pads, I-phones and similar products)
- Glass: for flat-screen tv’s, fiberglass, sputtering targets for reflective coatings on windows
- Automobile manufacturing; air bags, anti-lock brakes, spark plugs, oxygen sensors
- Jet engines; turbine blades
- Dental alloys
- Sulfuric acid manufacturing
- Medical: cancer fighting drugs, stents for blocked arteries, pacemakers, implanted defibrillators.
Where Are PGMs Produced?
- Approximately 70% of the world’s supply comes from South Africa
- Approximately 20% comes from Russia
- The balance comes from a handful of mines in North America & from recycling
Specific Issues for PGMs
- PGM’s are highly critical & key components in the above sectors, plus many more. There are no effective substitutes that provide the same cost-effective performance as the PGM’s.
- A supply disruption will dramatically & negatively impact all, affecting people around the world and disrupting our entire modern way of life.