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10th May 2016

PGMS

Platinum

What Are Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) And Where Do I Use Them?

  • PGM’s refer to the ‘platinum group metals’
  • There are six (6) PGM’s: palladium/platinum/rhodium/iridium/osmium/ruthenium
  • Catalysts: petroleum refining, petrochemical processing, air pollution control (mobile for gasoline & diesel vehicles & stationary abatement)
  • Electronics: computer hard drives, fuel cells, thermocouples, multilayer ceramic capacitors, plasma display screens, touch-pads on all hand-held devices (I-pads, I-phones and similar products)
  • Glass: for flat-screen tv’s, fiberglass, sputtering targets for reflective coatings on windows
  • Automobile manufacturing; air bags, anti-lock brakes, spark plugs, oxygen sensors
  • Jet engines; turbine blades
  • Dental alloys
  • Sulfuric acid manufacturing
  • Medical: cancer fighting drugs, stents for blocked arteries, pacemakers, implanted defibrillators.

Where Are PGMs Produced?

  • Approximately 70% of the world’s supply comes from South Africa
  • Approximately 20% comes from Russia
  • The balance comes from a handful of mines in North America & from recycling

Specific Issues for PGMs

  • PGM’s are highly critical & key components in the above sectors, plus many more. There are no effective substitutes that provide the same cost-effective performance as the PGM’s.
  • A supply disruption will dramatically & negatively impact all, affecting people around the world and disrupting our entire modern way of life.

Applications

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Reviewed by

IPMI