Report on Critical Raw Materials and the Circular Economy


On 16 January 2018, the European Commission published its Report on Critical Raw Materials and the Circular Economy. The report is divided into three parts and is based on the recently published JRC report (For more information, please see our Publications Section). The report is part of the Action Plan on Circular Economy and aims at providing key data sources, promoting best practices […]

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What Is Gallium & Gallium Arsenide And Where Do I Use It? Elemental gallium (chemical symbol Ga) does not occur in free form in nature, but as the gallium compounds that are in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. Gallium is mainly used for the manufacturing of Gallium arsenide which is the primary […]

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What is Indium And Where Do I Use It? Indium is a very soft, ductile and malleable silver metal. It is very abundant in host metals such as zinc, lead, tin and cooper. Host metals, in contrast to minor metals, are base metals spread across the globe. Approximately 95 % of the refined indium produced […]

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Coking Coal


What is Coking Coal And Where Do I Use It? Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs. The quality of each coal deposit is determined by: varying types of vegetation from which the coal originated; depths of burial; temperatures and pressures […]

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US President signs an executive order to expand critical minerals production


  On 20 December 2017, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order to reverse US’s dependence on other countries for critical minerals. The order aims to identify new sources of critical minerals, ensure that miners and producers have access to the best data and streamline the leasing and permitting process to expedite production, reprocessing […]

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CRM Alliance Quarterly Newsletter – Winter Edition

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In this issue: CRM Day 2017 2017 Antimony Day MMTA publishes its New Responsible Sourcing Guide The next generation of power electronics featuring Gallium Nitride doped with Beryllium EU and Japan finalise Economic Partnership Agreement Extraction of Rare Earths from Coal & Coal By-products Critical Materials Institute develops New Acid-Free magnet recycling process Russian Researchers develop […]

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What is Fluorspar and Where Do I Use It? Fluorspar is the commercial name for the naturally occurring mineral fluorite, composed of calcium and fluorine (CaF2). Fluorspar is the predominant commercial source for the chemical element fluorine. Fluorine is a non-metallic element and the lightest of the halogens and therefore largely irreplaceable in its use. […]

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Silicon Metal


What Is Silicon And Where Do I Use It? Silicon metal (symbol Si), in its pure form, is a grey metallically lustrous metalloid element. Metallurgical grade silicon is known as silicon metal because of its lustrous appearance. Silicon is used mainly in the manufacture of silanes and silicones, as a “hardener” or alloying element to […]

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What is Niobium and Where Do I Use It? Niobium (Nb), formerly known as Columbium (Cb), is a soft, silvery transition metal. It has chemical properties very similar to Tantalum (Ta) making it difficult to distinguish the two and it was only confirmed as a separate element by Charles Hatchett in 1801. It is most […]

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